Largest Aluminium Producers in the World

Largest Aluminium Producers in the World 

Aluminium Facts

Aluminium (play /ˌæljˈmɪniəm/ al-ew-min-ee-əm) or aluminum (American Englishplay /əˈlmɪnəm/ ə-loo-mi-nəm) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is silvery white, and it is not soluble in water under normal circumstances.

Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth‘s crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth’s solid surface. Aluminium metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals.[6] The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite.

Aluminium is remarkable for the metal’s low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates.

Despite its prevalence in the environment, aluminium salts are not known to be used by any form of life. In keeping with its pervasiveness, aluminium is well tolerated by plants and animals.[7] Owing to their prevalence, potential beneficial (or otherwise) biological roles of aluminium compounds are of continuing interest.

Aluminium
 
Appearance
silvery gray metallic


Spectral lines of aluminium
General properties
Name, symbol,number aluminium, Al, 13
Pronunciation UK Listeni/ˌæljʉˈmɪniəm/
al-ew-min-ee-əm; orUS Listeni/əˈlmɨnəm/
ə-loo-mi-nəm
Element category other metal
Groupperiod,block 133p
Standard atomic weight 26.9815386(13)
Electron configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p1
2, 8, 3

Electron shells of aluminium (2, 8, 3)
Rank Country/Region Aluminium production
(thousands of tonnes)
 World 44,100[3]
1 China People’s Republic of China 18,000[3]
2 Russia Russia 4,000[3]
3 Canada Canada 2,970[3]
4 United States United States 1,990[3]
5 Australia Australia 1,930[3]
6 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1,800[3]
7 India India 1,700[3]
8 Brazil Brazil 1,410[3]
9 Bahrain Bahrain 870[3]
10 Norway Norway 800[3]

Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_aluminium_production

File:Al-spotprice1987-2012.svg

Largest Company Produces Output

1. United Co. Rusal 4,127

2. Rio Tinto Group 3,829

3. Alcoa Inc. 3,669

4. Aluminum Corp. of China 3,127

5. Norsk Hydro ASA 1,705

6. Dubai Aluminium Co. 1,386

7. China Power Investment Co. 1,381

8. BHP Billiton Ltd. 1,249

9. Shandong Xinfa Aluminum and Electricity Group 1,016

10. Aluminium Bahrain BSC 881

Source:http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-02-27/top-10-aluminum-companies-in-2011-by-production-table-.html

Rank Country/Region Aluminium production
(thousands of tonnes)
 World 44,100[3]
1 China People’s Republic of China 18,000[3]
2 Russia Russia 4,000[3]
3 Canada Canada 2,970[3]
4 United States United States 1,990[3]
5 Australia Australia 1,930[3]
6 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1,800[3]
7 India India 1,700[3]
8 Brazil Brazil 1,410[3]
9 Bahrain Bahrain 870[3]
10 Norway Norway 800[3]
11 South Africa South Africa 800[3]
12 Iceland Iceland 790[3]
13 Mozambique Mozambique 560[3]
14 Iran Iran 460 [4]
16 Germany Germany 450[3]
15 Argentina Argentina 400
14 Venezuela Venezuela 380[3]
17 Tajikistan Tajikistan 359
18 Oman Oman 351
19 France France 345
20 Netherlands Netherlands 300
21 New Zealand New Zealand 350[5]
22 Egypt Egypt 265
23 United Kingdom United Kingdom 253
24 Indonesia Indonesia 250
26 Romania Romania 229
27 Italy Italy 180
28 Greece Greece 160
29 Slovakia Slovakia 150
30 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 127
31 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 96
32 Slovenia Slovenia 85
33 Cameroon Cameroon 73
34= Spain Spain 70
34= Sweden Sweden 70
36 Turkey Turkey 65
37 Montenegro Montenegro 64
38 Ukraine Ukraine 50
39 Poland Poland 47
40 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 30
41 Nigeria Nigeria 13
42 Qatar Qatar 10
43 Japan Japan 7

Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_aluminium_production



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