Quark Coin – alternative cryptocurrency

Quark Coin – alternative cryptocurrency 

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Some Facts

  • 6th major crypotcurrency out of appoximately 60.
  • Founding year 2013
  • Founder Max Guevara
  • Cryptocurrency Code Quark – QRK
  • Market Capitalization (Dec.´13) – 22. Million USD equivalency (much less than bitcoin)
  • Coins Released – 246.6 Million in circulation (more than bitcoin)
  • Currently only exchangable among other cytpocurrencies (not yet convertible to “fiat” currencies (USD, EUR, JPY etc) dec 26 2013.
  • SOURCE

Simple Definition:

Quarks are a form of online payment system but in a decentralised monetary system. Quarks to Friends, Family Members & Online Payments. Free of charges and chargebacks. Military Grade Encryption. No Bank or Government Control.

Quark Coins are based on the original idea of Bitcoin but improved, more secure, with improvements to design and security.

There is also a greater coin supply with higher block rewards for miners.

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Simple Definition:

Quark is an independent person-to-person cryptocurrency based of the idea of Bitcoin, but with much improvement to security and design.

Simple Specifications:

  • Super Secure Hashing: 9 rounds of hashing from 6 hashing functions (blake, bmw, grøstl, jh, keccak, skein). 3 rounds apply a random hashing function. Unique technical specifications.
  • CPU mining
  • Quick block generation: 30 seconds
  • 2048 QRK per block (halving every 60480 blocks ~ 3 weeks)
  • Block reward will never drop below 1 QRK
  • Total of 247 million QRK will be mined in ~ 6 months, after that ~ 1 million QRK p.a. (~ 0.5% p.a inflation)
  • Difficulty retargets every 20 blocks (maximum 10% up or 50% down)

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More detailed definition:

Quark is a peer-to-peer digital currency that uses the most advanced and latest algorithms in cryptography, making it more secure than Bitcoin and other alt-coins.

Not only that Quark is a CPU mined only digital currency. Server farms and ASIC mining rigs don’t get the advantage mining Quarkcoin. Anyone with a CPU can mine for Quark Coins and take part in the rewards & not just the companies with advanced hardware and capital

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More detailed specifications:

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ECONOMICS

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Bitcoin 
One weakness of bitcoin is the limited coin supply. A total cap of only 21 million bitcoins will ever be released, up until the year 2040. This sets it up for deflationary pressures which causes demand to always trump supply. There is more incentive to buy and hold than to spend, so from this point of view it can never truly be a viable currency in day-to-day transactions. 

Once the cap is in at 21 million, there will be a decreasing amount of coins in circulation. Every year coins will be ‘lost’ through forgotten passwords, hard drive failures, hackers, software failures, improper backups, etc … This will cause the supply to decrease overtime. QuarkCoin
Although there is no ideal, Quarkcoin will continue to release coins in perpetuity after the initial 247 million are mined at an inflation rate of .5% per year. This encourages continued mining as well as more use as a day-to-day transactional currency. This small inflation is meant to replace those ‘lost’ coins due to human error and hardware failure etc…. Also, even though any crypto currency can be divided infinitesimally, people prefer to buy and transact in whole numbers. Ask someone if they want to buy bitcoin at $1000, and they believe it may be too expensive although you can buy just .1 BTC if you choose. This is more of a psychological issue. 

DISTRIBUTION

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Bitcoin 
In the beginning Bitcoin was mined for several years by only around 30-40 people. Currently, it is virtually impossible for a single individual to mine Bitcoin. KnCminer just released a new Miner and sold out in 24 hours selling all 1200 units at over $10,000 each. (Link). That company also claims that their hardware users are responsible for over 70% of all mined bitcoins everyday … good luck competing with that! 

So the only option currently is to buy BitCoin at ~$1000USD. As the mining continues to intensify, more and more BTC blocks will fall into the hands of the few with lots of capital and hardware. Bottom line is from a mining point of view, BTC is becoming more and more centralized.

Not only that it is said that the top 100 BitCoin holders control 21% of the market (Link) This is just the minimum as each entity can have multiple addresses. Bitcoin distribution is very uneven or centralized, as it has been rumored that only 50 people hold 60-70% of Bitcoin! 

QuarkCoin
Distribution is Quarkcoin’s strong point, although some will argue the opposite. Since Quark Coins were mined by CPU only, it was done by individuals at home numbering in the 1,000’s (link) as opposed to Bitcoins being mined by very few. 

Setting the time to mine most coins within the first 6 months discourages the ASIC miners from ever entering the market. With a majority of the coins mined, the price should hopefully stabilize more quickly than the other coins with longer time frames, making this crypto currency more desirable for everyday transactions. 

But what about argument that ‘the vast majority of the 245 million Quarks already mined are in the hands of the few? If you take the time to read through the Quark Thread over on Bitcointalk.org, you will see that most miners dumped their coins early on. It traded so low, that early miners didn’t want to hold onto their Quark, thus the distribution began. 

MINING

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Bitcoin
One block every 10 minutes (very slow transaction time).
Current bounty is 25 BTC halved every 210,000.
Total currency supply is capped at 21 million.
What started out as being CPU mined, has quickly led to a race to secure ever faster mining hardware. CPUs went to GPUs then to FPGA, and finally to ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) designed and built only for mining bitcoins. It is virtually impossible to mine Bitcoins anymore without serious capital and hardware. You hear of the complaint that 98% of Quark has been mined already. You can say the same about bitcoin, considering only large server farms can compete in mining the coin. You will find that the barrier to entry in bitcoin mining is huge! 

Quarkcoin 
Generates a new block every 30 seconds. (very fast)
2048 QRK per block (halving every 60480 blocks ~ 3 weeks). 
247 million mined the first 6 months, then 1 million QRK every year.
The .5% inflation was created to keep mining activity going and to keep the block chain resistant against 51% attacks to which Bitcoin is vulnerable. Being only CPU mined, this coin offers the average individual the rewards of mining. 

SECURITY

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BitCoin
Like most crypto currencies Bitcoin uses a single Hash function or SHA-256. 

QuarkCoin
Quark is super secure and uses a different hashing algorithm with 9 rounds of hashing from 6 hashing functions (blake, bmw, groestl, jh, keccak, skein). 3 rounds deliver a random hashing function. Even though most believe the SHA-256 is sufficient at present, technology is always changing and improving. The multiple hash gives a further layer of security against unknowns that will enter the market in the future. 

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Historic Price Graphs

Quark (QRK) vs. Bitcoin (BTC)

Cryptsy Exchange Link

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Quark (QRK) vs. Bitcoin (BTC)

Coins-e Exchange Link

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Official Website

Official Quark Coin Website

Official Twitter – @quarkcoin

Official Quark Facebook 

Official Quark Blog 


Trader Definition – “Fallen Angel”

Definition of ‘Fallen Angel’

1. A bond that was once investment grade but has since been reduced to junk bond status.

2. A stock that has fallen substantially from its all time highs.

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Investopedia explains ‘Fallen Angel’

There is a fine line between fallen angels that are value stocks and those that are headed straight towards bankruptcy.

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Trader Definition – “Authorized Forex Dealer”

Trader Definition – “Authorized Forex Dealer”

Definition of ‘Authorized Forex Dealer’

Any type of financial institution that has received authorization from a relevant regulatory body to act as a dealer involved with the trading of foreign currencies. Dealing with authorized forex dealers ensure that your transactions are being executed in a legal and just way.

Investopedia explains ‘Authorized Forex Dealer’

In the United States, one regulatory body responsible for authorizing forex dealers is the National Futures Association (NFA). The NFA ensures that authorized forex dealers are subject to stringent screening upon registration and strong enforcement of regulations upon approval.

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Trader Definition – ‘Accrual Swap’

Trader Definition – ‘Accrual Swap’

Definition of ‘Accrual Swap’

A form of discrete time-switch option in which the interest on one side accrues only if certain conditions are met. Payment of interest in the accrual swap occurs if the reference rate, such as LIBOR or EURIBOR, is above or below a certain level. One party pays the standard floating reference rate, and in turn receives the reference rate plus a spread. Interest payments to the counterparty will only accrue for days in which the reference rate stays within a certain range.

Investopedia explains ‘Accrual Swap’

Investors and companies utilizing accrual swaps assume the risk that the reference rate will stay in a certain range. The broader the lower and upper cap, the greater the risk that the reference rate will fall within this range, which is typically what is desired since interest will not be accrued. 

For example, a company with a floating-rate obligation denominated in euros wants to hedge its exposure by paying a fixed rate which is below the market rate. The floating rate is conditional on how many days EURIBOR is within an agreed upon range during a set period. The goal of the company is to obtain a lower fixed rate by assuming the risk that the EURIBOR rate will fall outside of the agreed upon range.

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Trader Definition – “Box-Top Order”

Trader Definition – “Box-Top Order”

Definition of ‘Box-Top Order’

A buy or sell order made at the best market price. If the order cannot be completely filled, a limit order is placed for the remaining shares at the price at which the filled portion was executed.

Investopedia explains ‘Box-Top Order’

For example, if a trader entered a box-top order to buy 1,000 shares at the current market price of $50, and only half of the shares are traded at that price, then a buy limit order is placed for the other 500 shares. If at any point during the life of the order the price returns to $50, the limit order kicks in and the remaining shares will be traded at $50.

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